- River Ouse, Yorkshire
Infobox River | river_name = River Ouse
caption = The River Ouse in
origin = Swale Nab, near Linton-on-Ouse
River Humberat Ousefleet
United Kingdom( England)
length = 55 miles
elevation = 9 m (30 ft)
The River Ouse (pronounced "ooze") is a river in
North Yorkshire, England. The river is formed from the River Ureat Cuddy Shaw Reach near Linton-on-Ouse, about 6 miles downstream of the confluence of the River Swalewith the River Ure. It then flows through the city of Yorkand the towns of Selbyand Goolebefore joining with the River Trentat Trent Falls, near the village of Faxfleet, to form the Humber Estuary. The length of the Ouse is about 84km (52 miles) and the combined Ure/Ouse river is about 161km (100 miles).
The Ouse's system of tributaries (which includes the Derwent, Aire, Don,
Wharfe, Rother, Nidd, Swale, Ure, and Foss) drains a large upland area of Northern England, including much of the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors.
The Ouse valley is a wide, flat plain; heavy rainfall in the river's catchment area can bring severe flooding to nearby settlements. In recent years both
Yorkand Selby, and villages in between, have been very badly hit. The river has two weirs with locks, at Linton-on-Ouseand Naburn, so that boats of 45.7 m length and 4.6 m beam can reach York.
In the 18th and 19th centuries there was considerable commercial traffic on the river, mainly from Selby, which then had a custom house, downstream, but after 1826 with the opening of the
Aire and Calder Navigationmost traffic was concentrated on the port of Goole, which continues until today, though the coal trade which formed its backbone has ceased.
The word 'ouse' is a very common name for rivers in England - it derives from the Celtic word 'Usa', from "*udso-", which simply means 'water'. 'River Ouse' therefore actually means 'River Water', etymologically [A. Room (ed.) 1992: "Brewer's Dictionary of Names", Oxford: Helicon, p. 396-7.] .
It has been suggested that the 'Ouse' was once all known as the 'Ure', but there seems to be no supporting evidence for this claim. In fact, more credence is given to the assertion that the name derives from the Old Celtic word for 'Ure', 'Isara', which over time evolved into 'Isure', 'Isurium', 'Isis' and finally the Saxon 'Ouse'. This linguistic evolution also goes some way to explaining how the little tributary 'Ouse Gill Beck' which enters at Linton-on-Ouse usurps the name of the much larger river 'Ure'. [ Ekwall,E. "English River Names"(Oxford University Press:1928). Waite, Alice "Exploring the Yorkshire Ouse" (Countryside Productions:1988)]
"(From confluence of Swale and Ure)"
Barmby on the Marsh
"(Joins Trent to form Humber)"
Rivers of the United Kingdom
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