- Broken Chair
"Broken Chair" is a monumental
sculpturein wood by the Swiss artist Daniel Berset, constructed by the carpenter Louis Genève.
"Broken Chair" is constructed of 5.5 tons of
woodand is 12 metres (39 feet) high.
It represents a giant
chairwith a broken leg and stands on the Place des Nations, in Geneva. It symbolises opposition to land mines and cluster bombs, and acts as a reminder to politicians visiting Geneva.
"Broken Chair" is a project of
Paul Vermeulen, co-founder and director of Handicap InternationalSuisse. The sculpture was erected by Handicap International in front of the main entrance to the Palais des Nationsin Genevain August 1997, where it was intended to remain for three months, until the signature of the Ottawa Treatyin December 1997 in Ottawa. Following ratification by 40 countries, the Treaty became effective as an instrument of international law on 1st march 1999.
The failure of significant countries to sign the Treaty and the strong public support for the sculpture caused it to left in place until
2005, when it was removed to allow extensive remodelling of the Place des Nations. After completion of the work, it was reinstalled in the same place in front of the United Nations Office at Genevaon 26 February 2007.
The reinstallation of "Broken Chair" in February 2007 was officially dedicated by Handicap International to support the signature of an international treaty on a ban on Cluster Bombs (
Convention on Cluster Munitions), which is due to be be signed in Oslo in December 2008.
The work was the property of the sculptor until 2004, when he transferred ownership to Handicap International.
Notes and references
The article was translated from the French Wikipedia entry (as of June 2008), with some additional input from [http://www.thewip.net/contributors/2007/05/a_chair_can_be_a_powerful_symb.html] .
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