Accession of Artaxerxes III

Accession of Artaxerxes III

Before ascending the throne Artaxerxes had been a satrap and commander of his father's army.cite book |title=A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period |last=Grabbe |first=Lester L. |year=2004 |publisher=Continuum International Publishing Group |isbn=ISBN 0567089983 |pages=323 ] Darius, Artaxerxes II's eldest son and heir, entered a conspiracy to murder his father, but the plan was leaked to the king. The royal court sentenced Darius to execution and the position of heir to the throne went to Ariaspes, a calm and popular prince. However, the co-conspirators that included Artaxerxes III, the king’s third son and one of the commanders of the royal guard named Tiribazus, convinced Ariaspes of the king’s suspicion about him, which led to his suicide. The old king’s hopes were now directed towards his fourth son, Arsames, who was also was murdered. In 358 BC, Artaxerxes II died at the age of 94, apparemtly because of a broken heart caused by his children's unnatural behaviour, and Artaxerxes III succeeded him. His first order was the execution of over 80 of his nearest relations to secure his place as emperor.cite book |last=Lemprière |first=John |authorlink=John Lemprière |coauthors=R. Willets |title=Classical Dictionary containing a full Account of all the Proper Names mentioned in Ancient Authors |origyear=1788 |accessyear=2008 |accessmonth=June |year=1984 |publisher=Routledge |isbn=0710200684 |pages=82] cite web |url= |title=Chapter V: Temporary Relief |accessdaymonth= 1 March|accessyear=2008]

In 355 BC, Artaxerxes forced Athens to conclude a peace which required the city to leave Asia Minor and to acknowledge the independence of its rebellious allies. [cite web |url= |title=Artaxerxes 3 |accessdaymonth=5 March |accessyear=2008 |last=Kjeilen |first=Tore] Artaxerxes raised a campaign against the rebellious Cadusians, but he managed to appease both of the Cadusian kings. A successful character emerging from this campaign was Darius, who later occupied the throne as Darius III. He then ordered the dismissal of all Greek mercenaries from the satrapal armies of Asia Minor. The order proved effective and many Greek mercenaries were returned to Athens and Sparta. The order was however ignored by Artabazus of Lydia, who asked for the help of Athens in a rebellion against the king. Athens sent the assistance to Sardis. Orontes of Mysia also came to Artabazus and the joined forces managed to defeat the forces sent by Artaxerxes in 354 BC. However, in 353 BC, they were defeated by Artaxerxes’ army and were disbanded. Orontes was pardoned by the king, while Artabazus fled to the safety of court of Philip II of Macedon.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thutmose III — Tuthmosis III, Manahpi(r)ya in the Amarna letters Thutmosis III statue in Luxor Museum Pharaoh of Egyp …   Wikipedia

  • Ramsès III — Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sésostris III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sésostris. Articles de la série Pharaon Classements …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Osorkon III — Pharaoh of Egypt Reign 28 years, 23rd Dynasty Predecessor Shoshenq VI Successor Takelot III …   Wikipedia

  • Iran, ancient — Introduction also known as  Persia        historic region of southwestern Asia that is only roughly coterminous with modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries, chiefly in the West, to designate those regions where Persian language and… …   Universalium

  • Persia — • The history, religion, and civilization of Persia are offshoots from those of Media. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persia     Persia      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Egypt, ancient — Introduction  civilization in northeastern Africa dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. This article… …   Universalium

  • Achemenides — Achéménides Carte de l empire achéménide aux alentours de 500 av. J. C. Histoire de l Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Achéménide — Achéménides Carte de l empire achéménide aux alentours de 500 av. J. C. Histoire de l Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Achéménides — Empire achéménide vers 556 – 330 av. J. C. Soldat perse, briques émaillées du palais royal de Suse, Musée du Louvre …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”