Labour Party of Malaya

Labour Party of Malaya

Infobox Political party
name_english = Labour Party of Malaya
name_native = Parti Buruh Malaya

leader =
foundation = June 1952
dissolution = 1969
headquarters =
newspaper =
youth_wing =
membership_year =
membership =
ideology = Democratic socialism
national =
international =
colors =
website =
footnotes =

The Labour Party of Malaya ( _ms. Parti Buruh Malaya; Abbreviation: LPM) was a political party of Malaya that was active between 1952 to 1969. It was originally formed as a confederation of state based labour parties known as the Pan-Malayan Labour Party or PMFP.

History

Origins

The LPM's roots lay in the state labour parties that were established after the British government announced plans to organize local elections in 1950. In 1952, representatives from the state parties, 21 trade unions and the Malay left-leaning organization SABERKAS (or "Syarikat Berkerjasama Am Saiburi", not to be confused with the present day SABERKAS in Sarawak) met in Kuala Lumpur and decided to form the PMFP. This organization initially took an anti-communist stand but was not overtly anti-colonial.

With the rise of more radical socialist leadership, the positions gradually took a more anti-colonial form and in June 1954, the organization was renamed the LPM.

Development

With a radical agenda as its platform, the LPM was routed in the Federal legislative elections of 1955 and failed to gain any seats. The LPM, however, managed to capture the City Council of Georgetown in Penang in the 1956 local elections with a majority of eight seats.

ocialist Front

Persecution

Radicalization

Demise

Platform

Pre-Independence

The LPM's founding constitution demanded immediate self-government for Malaya, liberal citizenship laws, the Malayanization of the civil service, a planned economy, greater democratic justice and agrarian reform. The LPM also proposed for the abolishment of special privileges for any ethnic group, federal nationality to supersede state nationality, the use of Malay as the national language and English as a second language, the merger of Singapore with the Federation of Malaya, the limiting the powers of the Malay rulers, an elected presidency, and a secular state.

Post-Independence

In view of the changed circumstances after the independence of Malaya in 1957, the LPM amended its constitution in 1959 to strive for the establishment of a united democratic socialist state of Malaya and o secure for the workers who work by hand or by brain the full fruits of their industry and the most equitable distribution thereof that may be possible, upon the basis of the common ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange, and the best obtainable system of popular administration and control of each industry or service.

References

*

* Penang Story: [http://www.penangstory.net.my/docs/Abs-TanKimHong.doc Facing Up to Storm Clouds : The Labour Party of Malaya, Penang Division, 1963 – 1969]


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