- Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Founded in 1915, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) is the oldest women's
peaceorganization in the world. It is a non-profit non-governmental organizationworking "to bring together women of different political views and philosophical and religious backgrounds determined to study and make known the causes of warand work for a permanent peace" and to unite women worldwide who oppose oppressionand exploitation. WILPF has [http://www.wilpf.int.ch/world/windex.htm National Sections] in 37 countries.
WILPF is headquartered in
Geneva, Switzerlandand maintains a United NationsOffice in New York City.
WILPF envisions a world free
violence, poverty, pollutionand dominance. WILPF stands for equality of all people in a world free of racism, sexismand homophobia; the building of a constructive peace through world disarmament; and the changing of government priorities to meet human needs.
Broad areas of concern are:
*Disarmament, Demilitarization and Good Governance
*Global Economic Justice
The forerunner to WILPF, the Woman's Peace Party (WPP) was formed in January, 1915 in
Washington, D.C.at a meeting called by Jane Addamsand Carrie Chapman Catt. The approximately 3,000 women attendees approved a platform calling for the extension of suffrage to women and for a conference of neutral countries to offer continuous mediationas a way of ending war. WPP sent representatives to an International Women's Congress for Peace and Freedom, held in The Haguefrom April 28to April 30, 1915. The Congress was organized by the German feminist Anita Augspurg (1857–1943), Germany's first female jurist, and Lida Gustava Heymann (1868–1943) at the invitation of the Dutch pacifist, feminist and suffragist Aletta Jacobsto protest against the war then raging in Europe, and to suggest ways to prevent war in the future. The Congress, attended by 1,136 participants from both neutral and belligerent nations, adopted much of the platform of WPP and established an International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace (ICWPP) with Jane Addams as president. WPP soon became of US Section of ICWPP.
Jane Addams met with President
Woodrow Wilsonand is said to have worked out some common ground on peace. However, at their 2nd international congress, held in Zürichin 1919, ICWPP denounced the final terms of the peace treaty ending World War I as a scheme of revengeof the victors over the vanquished that would sow the seeds of another world war. They decided to make their committee permanent and renamed it the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. WILPF moved its headquarters to Genevato be near the proposed site of the League of Nations, although WILPF did not endorse empowering that organization to conduct food blockades or to use military pressure to enforce its resolutions.
Two WILPF leaders have received the
Nobel Peace Prizefor their peace efforts and international outlook and work with WILPF: Jane Addams, in 1931 and Emily Greene Balchin 1946.
WILPF and the United Nations
WILPF has had
Consultative Status(category B) with the UN Economic and Social Council(ECOSOC) since 1948 and has Special Consultative Relations with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development(UNCTAD), as well as special relations with the International Labour Organization(ILO), Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO), United Nations Children's Fund(UNICEF) and other organizations and agencies. WILPF has advocates and lobbies for the democratizationof the UN, the Security Council and all other UN organizations and agencies; monitors Security Council and General Assembly activities in order to promote reforms; opposes the privatisation and corporatisation of the UN, especially the global compact with corporations; and advocates for the abolition of the Security Council veto.
A Single Woman (play)
A Single Woman (movie)
*Harriet Hyman Alonso, "Peace as a Women's Issue: A History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women's Rights" (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993) ISBN 0-8156-0269-3
*Gertrude Bussey and Margaret Tims, "Pioneers for Peace: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom 1915-1965" (1965; Oxford: Alden Press, 1980) ISBN 0-9506968-0-3
*Carrie A. Foster, "The Women and the Warriors: The U.S. Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1915-1946" (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995) ISBN 0-8156-2662-2
*Catherine Foster, "Women for All Seasons: The Story of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom" (Athens and London: The University of Georgia Press, 1989) ISBN 0-8203-1147-2
* [http://www.wilpf.int.ch/ Official website]
* [http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/ Reaching Critical Will]
* [http://www.peacewomen.org/ Peace Women]
* [http://www.janeaddamspeace.org/index.asp Jane Addams Peace Association]
* [http://www.wilpf.org/ WILPF-US]
* [http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/DG026-050/dg043wilpf/frontpage.htm Swarthmore historic WILPF photographs]
* [http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/DG026-050/dg043wilpf/history.htm History of WILPF]
* [http://www.ukwilpf.org.uk/ United Kingdom Section website]
* [http://www.gsinstitute.org/index.html Global Security Institute]
* [http://archives.lse.ac.uk/dserve.exe?dsqServer=lib-4.lse.ac.uk&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=Overview.tcl&dsqSearch=(RefNo='wilpf') Catalogue of the papers of the British Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom] at the [http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/archive/Default.htm Archives Division] of the
London School of Economics.
* [http://ucblibraries.colorado.edu/archives/collections/peace_list.htm WILPF archives at University of Colorado at Boulder]
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