Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

Founded in 1915, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) is the oldest women's peace organization in the world. It is a non-profit non-governmental organization working "to bring together women of different political views and philosophical and religious backgrounds determined to study and make known the causes of war and work for a permanent peace" and to unite women worldwide who oppose oppression and exploitation. WILPF has [http://www.wilpf.int.ch/world/windex.htm National Sections] in 37 countries.

WILPF is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and maintains a United Nations Office in New York City.

Positions

WILPF envisions a world free violence, poverty, pollution and dominance. WILPF stands for equality of all people in a world free of racism, sexism and homophobia; the building of a constructive peace through world disarmament; and the changing of government priorities to meet human needs.

Broad areas of concern are:
*Disarmament, Demilitarization and Good Governance
*Environmental Sustainability
*Global Economic Justice

History

The forerunner to WILPF, the Woman's Peace Party (WPP) was formed in January, 1915 in Washington, D.C. at a meeting called by Jane Addams and Carrie Chapman Catt. The approximately 3,000 women attendees approved a platform calling for the extension of suffrage to women and for a conference of neutral countries to offer continuous mediation as a way of ending war. WPP sent representatives to an International Women's Congress for Peace and Freedom, held in The Hague from April 28 to April 30, 1915. The Congress was organized by the German feminist Anita Augspurg (1857–1943), Germany's first female jurist, and Lida Gustava Heymann (1868–1943) at the invitation of the Dutch pacifist, feminist and suffragist Aletta Jacobs to protest against the war then raging in Europe, and to suggest ways to prevent war in the future. The Congress, attended by 1,136 participants from both neutral and belligerent nations, adopted much of the platform of WPP and established an International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace (ICWPP) with Jane Addams as president. WPP soon became of US Section of ICWPP.

Jane Addams met with President Woodrow Wilson and is said to have worked out some common ground on peace. However, at their 2nd international congress, held in Zürich in 1919, ICWPP denounced the final terms of the peace treaty ending World War I as a scheme of revenge of the victors over the vanquished that would sow the seeds of another world war. They decided to make their committee permanent and renamed it the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. WILPF moved its headquarters to Geneva to be near the proposed site of the League of Nations, although WILPF did not endorse empowering that organization to conduct food blockades or to use military pressure to enforce its resolutions.

Two WILPF leaders have received the Nobel Peace Prize for their peace efforts and international outlook and work with WILPF: Jane Addams, in 1931 and Emily Greene Balch in 1946.

WILPF and the United Nations

WILPF has had Consultative Status (category B) with the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) since 1948 and has Special Consultative Relations with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), as well as special relations with the International Labour Organization (ILO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and other organizations and agencies. WILPF has advocates and lobbies for the democratization of the UN, the Security Council and all other UN organizations and agencies; monitors Security Council and General Assembly activities in order to promote reforms; opposes the privatisation and corporatisation of the UN, especially the global compact with corporations; and advocates for the abolition of the Security Council veto.

ee also

*Jeannette Rankin
*Jane Addams
*Raging Grannies
*A Single Woman (play)
*A Single Woman (movie)
*Jeanmarie Simpson
*Alice Clark

Bibliography

*Harriet Hyman Alonso, "Peace as a Women's Issue: A History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women's Rights" (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993) ISBN 0-8156-0269-3
*Gertrude Bussey and Margaret Tims, "Pioneers for Peace: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom 1915-1965" (1965; Oxford: Alden Press, 1980) ISBN 0-9506968-0-3
*Carrie A. Foster, "The Women and the Warriors: The U.S. Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1915-1946" (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995) ISBN 0-8156-2662-2
*Catherine Foster, "Women for All Seasons: The Story of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom" (Athens and London: The University of Georgia Press, 1989) ISBN 0-8203-1147-2

External links

* [http://www.wilpf.int.ch/ Official website]
* [http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/ Reaching Critical Will]
* [http://www.peacewomen.org/ Peace Women]
* [http://www.janeaddamspeace.org/index.asp Jane Addams Peace Association]
* [http://www.wilpf.org/ WILPF-US]
* [http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/DG026-050/dg043wilpf/frontpage.htm Swarthmore historic WILPF photographs]
* [http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/DG026-050/dg043wilpf/history.htm History of WILPF]
* [http://www.ukwilpf.org.uk/ United Kingdom Section website]
* [http://www.gsinstitute.org/index.html Global Security Institute]
* [http://archives.lse.ac.uk/dserve.exe?dsqServer=lib-4.lse.ac.uk&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=Overview.tcl&dsqSearch=(RefNo='wilpf') Catalogue of the papers of the British Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom] at the [http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/archive/Default.htm Archives Division] of the London School of Economics.

* [http://ucblibraries.colorado.edu/archives/collections/peace_list.htm WILPF archives at University of Colorado at Boulder]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom — Die Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) ist eine internationale nichtstaatliche Organisation, die älteste internationale Frauen Friedensorganisation der Welt. Sie hat ihr Internationales Büro in Genf (Schweiz), eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom — ▪ international organization       organization whose opposition to war dates from World War I, which makes it the oldest continuously active peace organization in the United States. It encompasses some 100 branches in the United States and has… …   Universalium

  • Peace and Freedom Party — Infobox American Political Party party name = Peace and Freedom Party party articletitle = Peace and Freedom Party party chairman = State Central Committee senateleader = houseleader = foundation = June 23, 1967 ideology = Feminist Socialist… …   Wikipedia

  • March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom — The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (or The Great March on Washington, as styled in a sound recording released after the event)[1][2] was the largest …   Wikipedia

  • Women Strike for Peace — ▪ American organization       organization that evolved out of an international protest against atmospheric nuclear testing held on November 1, 1961. On that day between 12,000 and 50,000 women in various nations demonstrated to protest nuclear… …   Universalium

  • International Coalition for the Decade — On 10 November 1998, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the first decade of the 21st century and the third millennium, the years 2001 to 2010, as the International Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non Violence for… …   Wikipedia

  • Peace and conflict studies — Peace Research redirects here Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyses violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending social conflicts with a view towards understanding… …   Wikipedia

  • The Seneca Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice — The Seneca Women’s Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice was also referred to as the Encampment, the Women’s Encampment, the Women s Peace Camp, the Peace Camp, the Women s Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice, the girls at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mothers for Peace — San Luis Obispo Mothers for Peace (SLOMFP) is a participant in the anti nuclear movement in California which is depicted in the anti nuclear Dark Circle for its activity in the early years of protests against the Diablo Canyon Power Plant (DCPP) …   Wikipedia

  • Women in Côte d'Ivoire — formed less than half the country s population in 2003.cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Overview: Côte d Ivoire Data extracted from the publication Country Profiles for Population and Reproductive Health , Policy …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”