official_name = Bhamo
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Myanmar
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Admin. division
subdivision_type2 = District
subdivision_type3 = Township
leader_title = Mayor
unit_pref = Imperial
population_as_of = 2005
population_blank1_title = Ethnicities
population_blank2_title = Religions
latd=24|latm=16 |lats=0 |latNS=N
longd=97 |longm=14 |longs=0 |longEW=E
Bhamo is a city of
Kachin Statein northernmost part of Myanmar, located 186 km south from the capital city of Myitkyina. It is on the Ayeyarwady River, and is the nearest river port to the Chinese. It lies within 40 miles, or 65 km of the border with China's Yunnanprovince [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/topic-362455/Manmaw "Manmaw", "Encyclopedia Britannica"] ] . The population is composed of Chinese and Shan, with Kachinpeoples in the hills around the town.
Bhamo was an important trading post with the
Chinese Empireup to the nineteenth century, when copper coins from China flowed into Burma via Bhamo. VOC (United Dutch East India Company) records identified these copper coins as an important source of profit, and also mention the presence of a Customs Office in Bhamo to regulate the border trade.
As of 1935 the town was situated at the highest navigable point of the river, and was the terminus of caravan routes from
Indiaand Burma, by which jade, in particular, was brought into China.
Bhamo was once called Sampanago, the capital of the now-extinct
Shankingdom of Manmaw. The ruins of the old city walls, dating from the fifth Century, are found some 5 km from the modern town.
A once weekly
Myanma Airwaysflight is available, as are three times a week river ferries.
The town is home to
Bhamo Degree College.
* 17th Century Burma and the Dutch East Indies Company 1634-1680, by Wil O. Dijk, NIAS Press
*MW 1935|date=August 2008
** "This may be out of date or biased to the timeframe of that reference."
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