Bhamo

Bhamo

Infobox Settlement
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pushpin_map_caption =Location in Myanmar
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subdivision_type1 = Admin. division
subdivision_name1 = Kachin State
subdivision_type2 = District
subdivision_name2 = Bhamo District
subdivision_type3 = Township
subdivision_name3 = Bhamo Township
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Bhamo is a city of Kachin State in northernmost part of Myanmar, located 186 km south from the capital city of Myitkyina. It is on the Ayeyarwady River, and is the nearest river port to the Chinese. It lies within 40 miles, or 65 km of the border with China's Yunnan province [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/topic-362455/Manmaw "Manmaw", "Encyclopedia Britannica"] ] . The population is composed of Chinese and Shan, with Kachin peoples in the hills around the town.

History

Bhamo was an important trading post with the Chinese Empire up to the nineteenth century, when copper coins from China flowed into Burma via Bhamo. VOC (United Dutch East India Company) records identified these copper coins as an important source of profit, and also mention the presence of a Customs Office in Bhamo to regulate the border trade.

As of 1935 the town was situated at the highest navigable point of the river, and was the terminus of caravan routes from India and Burma, by which jade, in particular, was brought into China.

Bhamo was once called Sampanago, the capital of the now-extinct Shan kingdom of Manmaw. The ruins of the old city walls, dating from the fifth Century, are found some 5 km from the modern town.

Contemporary

A once weekly Myanma Airways flight is available, as are three times a week river ferries.

The town is home to Bhamo Degree College.

ee also

*Banmaw Airport

References

Literature

* 17th Century Burma and the Dutch East Indies Company 1634-1680, by Wil O. Dijk, NIAS Press

*MW 1935|date=August 2008
** "This may be out of date or biased to the timeframe of that reference."


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