Zaandam (coord|52|26|N|4|50|E|type:city(71780)_region:NL) is a town in the Dutch province of
North Holland. It is the main city of the municipality of Zaanstad, and received city rights in 1811. It is located on the Zaan, close to the North Sea Canal, and is in close proximity to the capital Amsterdam.
The statistical district "Zaandam", which covers the village and the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 71,780.Statistics Netherlands (CBS), "Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005" [http://statline.cbs.nl/] . As of
January 1, 2005.]
Zaandam was a separate municipality until 1974, when it became a part of the new municipality of Zaanstad. [Repertorium Nederlandse Gemeenten]
Zaandam and the surrounding Zaan River region, called the
Zaanstreek, have a history that is intimately connected with industry. Zaandam was a leading city in the first Industrial Revolution. In the Golden Age, Zaandam served as a large milling center. Thousands of windmillspowered saws that were processing Scandinavian wood for the shipbuilding and paper industries.
Zaandam is also historically linked with the
Into the second half of the 20th century, Zaandam was still an important lumber port. A statue was commissioned from the Yugoslav sculptor Slavomir Miletić in honor of this era, and the statue, “The Woodworker” ("“De Houtwerker”") was installed on
June 20 2004. Peter I of Russiaspent some time in Zaandam in 1697, studying shipbuilding. The house where he stayed is preserved as a museum, the Czar Peter House.
The first European
McDonald'srestaurant opened in 1971 in Zaandam. McDonald's International (Press Release), "Fascinating McFacts about McDonald's International," 1996 [http://www.mcspotlight.org/media/press/prnews_9dec96.html] , ] The Albert Heijnsupermarket chain is also headquartered in Zaandam, where it originated.
Notable people born in Zaandam
Anton Mauve(1838-1888), painter
Jan Verkade(1868-1946), painter
Kees Bruynzeel(1900-1980), wood merchant, yachtsman and boatbuilder
Arie Smit(*1916), painter
Han Bennink(*1942), jazz musician
Johnny Rep(*1951), football player
Erwin Koeman(*1961), football player/football coach
Ronald Koeman(*1963), football player/football coach
Robert Molenaar(*1969), football player
Zaandam railway station
* [http://www.kuijsten.de/atlas/nh/zaandam.html Map of the former municipality in 1868]
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