- Shigella dysenteriae
color = lightgrey
name = "Shigella dysenteriae"
regnum = Bacteria
classis = Gamma Proteobacteria
ordo = Enterobacteriales
species = "S. dysenteriae"
binomial = "Shigella dysenteriae"
binomial_authority = (Shiga 1897)
Castellani & Chalmers 1919
"Shigella dysenteriae" is a species of the rod-shaped
bacterial genus" Shigella".cite book | author = Ryan KJ, Ray CG (editors) | title = Sherris Medical Microbiology | edition = 4th ed. | publisher = McGraw Hill | year = 2004 | id = ISBN 0838585299 ] Shigella can cause shigellosis(bacillary dysentery). Shigellae are Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile bacteria.cite book | author = Hale TL, Keusch GT | title = Shigella. "In:" Baron's Medical Microbiology "(Baron S "et al", eds.)| edition = 4th ed. | publisher = Univ of Texas Medical Branch | year = 1996 | url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=mmed.chapter.1257 | id = ISBN 0-9631172-1-1 ]
"S. dysenteriae", spread by contaminated water and food, causes the most severe dysentery because of its potent and deadly
Shiga toxin, but other species may also be dysentery agents. [cite journal |author=Herold S, Karch H, Schmidt H |title=Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages--genomes in motion |journal=Int. J. Med. Microbiol. |volume=294 |issue=2-3 |pages=115–21 |year=2004 |pmid=15493821 |doi=]
A stool specimen is Gram-stained to show G - ve, rods, with no particular arrangement. Enrichment is performed by growing the organisms on Selenite-F broth. Then, since the specimen is not sterile, the use of selective plates is mandatory.
XLD agar, DCA agar, or HE agarare inoculated and colonies are colorless on all of them as the organism is non- lactosefermentor. TSI slantwould show a profile of (K/A/H2S-/g-), and SIM would appear (+/-/+).
It's noteworthy that "
Shigella flexneri" will produce acid and gas from glucose, and " Shigella sonnei" is mannitoland ornithinepositive, and is also late lactose fermentor (ONPG positive). Some " Shigella" species are capable of producing indol.
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