Arms, titles, honours and styles of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arms, titles, honours and styles of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, KP, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. 1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman and one of the leading military and political figures of the nineteenth century. His military career culminated at the Battle of Waterloo, where, along with von Blücher, defeated the French Emperor Napoleon. He was also twice Tory Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.During his life, Wellington received numerous honours, titles and awards throughout his career as a statesman and soldier. These include awards, statues and monuments, as well as buildings and places named after him.

Arms

Wellington's arms were given an Augmentation of Honour of the union badge of the United Kingdom to commemorate his services. He bore, "Quarterly, I and IV gules, a cross argent, in each quarter five plates of the same; II and III, Or, a lion rampant gules, armed and langued azure. For augmentation, an inescutcheon charged with the crosses of St. George, St. Andrew, and St. Patrick combined, being the union badge of the United Kingdom." [cite book |last=Brooke-Little |first=J.P., FSA |authorlink=John Brooke-Little |title=Boutell's Heraldry |origyear=1950 |edition=Revised Edition |year=1978 |publisher=Frederick Warne LTD |location=London |isbn= 0-7232-2096-4 |pages=p. 127]

tatues and monuments

The Wellington Testimonial was erected in the Phoenix Park, Dublin from public subscriptions, and the obelisk and plinth are still a major feature of the park.

A statue of Wellington by the sculptor Carlo Marochetti stands in Woodhouse Moor park in Leeds, England. His boots have been painted red, presumably by local students.

In 1838 a proposal to build a statue of Wellington resulted in the building of a giant statue of him on his horse Copenhagen, placed above the Wellington Arch at Constitution Hill in London directly outside Apsley House, his former London home. Completed in 1846, the enormous scale of the 40 ton, convert|30|ft|m|0 high monument resulted in its removal in 1883, and the following year it was transported to Aldershot where it still stands near the Royal Garrison Church.

Places

The capital city of New Zealand is named Wellington in honour of Wellington. The city has a private preparatory school named "Wellesley College" and a private club, "Wellesley Club". The city of Auckland, New Zealand, has a central city road named Wellesley Street after Arthur Wellesley.

Wellington Square in the Adelaide suburb of North Adelaide, South Australia, is named after Wellington, for the reason that he is credited with securing the passage of the South Australia Foundation Act through the British House of Lords.

Wellington County in Ontario, Canada is named after Wellington. It is the county surrounding the city of Guelph, Ontario.

The town of Wellington in the Nilgiri Hills district of Tamil Nadu, is the home of the Wellington Cantonment, a prestigious Indian military establishment, and college. It is near Coonoor on the Nilgiri Mountain Railway.

The village of Wellington, a community located in Prince Edward County, Ontario, is also named after Wellington.

Wellington Street in Ottawa, Canada is named after Wellington. It is the street upon which the Parliament Buildings, Canada's seat of government are located.

Queen Street in Glasgow, Scotland has a statue of Wellington astride a horse. Because the statue does not feature the tricorner hat associated with him it is often "defaced" by the placing of a traffic cone on Wellington's head.

Wellington Road is in the Ballsbridge area of Dublin.

Mount Wellington, which overlooks Hobart, the capital of the state of Tasmania, Australia is named after Wellesley.

chools

Wellington College, Berkshire, UK, was built in memory of the Great Duke, under the orders of Queen Victoria. [ [http://www.wellingtoncollege.org.uk/page.aspx?id=6 Wellington College] , College History, Accessed 08-06-08.] To this day, all the boarding houses are named after the generals who fought alongside him at the Battle of Waterloo, including Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Viscount Beresford, Sir Thomas Picton, Baron Lynedoch, and the Prince of Orange. As recently as May 4, 2007, the school held a memorial service for the Iron Duke at St Paul's Cathedral, London, to commemorate his birthday.

Wellington College Belfast in Northern Ireland, a Co-Educational Grammar School in Belfast, was named after Wellington. Wellington is also a Senior Boys' house at the Duke of York's Royal Military School, where, like Welbeck College, all houses are named after prominent military figures.

Food and Drink

Beef Wellington gets its name from the general and prime minister. Ironically his favourite meat was mutton.

Wellington's likeness appears on the beer labels of the beer brewed by Wellington Brewery in Guelph, Ontario, as well as having a beer named "Iron Duke Strong Ale" in his honour.

hips

HMS Duke of Wellington, a 131 gun first-rate ship of the line was named after the first Duke of Wellington. HMS "Iron Duke", named after Wellington, was the flagship of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe at the Battle of Jutland in World War I, one of three so named in the Royal Navy.

Titles, honours and styles

Peerage of the United Kingdom

*Baron Douro, of Wellington (4 September 1809)
*Viscount Wellington (of Talavera and of Wellington) (4 September 1809)
*Earl of Wellington (28 February 1812)
*Marquess of Wellington (3 October 1812)
*Marquess Douro (11 May 1814)
*Duke of Wellington (11 May 1814)

His brother William selected the name Wellington for its similarity to the family surname of Wellesley, which derives from the village of Wellesley, not far from that of Wellington.

British and Irish honours

*Knight of the Bath (1804)
*Privy Councillor of Great Britain (8 April 1807)
*Privy Councillor of Ireland (28 April 1807)
*Knight of the Garter (4 March 1813)
*Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (1815)
*Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (1820)
*Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (1829)
*Peninsular Cross medal with nine bars for all campaigns – the only one so issued. Displayed at Apsley House along with a Waterloo Medal.
*Fellow of the Royal Society (1847)
*Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1834–1852)

The Duke of Wellington stood as godfather to Queen Victoria's seventh child, Prince Arthur, in 1850. Prince Arthur was also born on the first of May; and as a toddler, young Arthur was encouraged to remind people that the Duke of Wellington was his godfather.

International

*Conde de Vimeiro (Count of Vimeiro) (18 October 1811, Portugal)
*Duque de Ciudad Rodrigo (Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo) (January 1812, Spain)
*Grandee of the First Class (January 1812, Spain)
*Marquês de Torres Vedras (Marquess of Torres Vedras) (August 1812, Portugal)
*Duque da Vitória (Duke of the Victory) (18 December 1812, Portugal)
*Knight of the Golden Fleece (1812, Spain)
*Prins van Waterloo (Prince of Waterloo) (18 July 1815, The Netherlands)
*Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Hanover (1816, Hanover)
*Field Marshal batons from 12 countries

tyles

;In the United Kingdom
*The Hon. Arthur Wesley (birth–7 March 1787)
*Ensign The Hon. Arthur Wesley (7 March 1787–25 December 1787)
*Lieutenant The Hon. Arthur Wesley (25 December 1787–30 June 1791)
*Captain The Hon. Arthur Wesley (30 June 1791–30 April 1793)
*Major The Hon. Arthur Wesley (30 April 1793–30 September 1793)
*Lieutenant-Colonel The Hon. Arthur Wesley (30 September 1793–3 May 1796)
*Colonel The Hon. Arthur Wesley (3 May 1796–19 May 1798)
*Colonel The Hon. Arthur Wellesley (19 May 1798–29 April 1802)
*Major-General The Hon. Arthur Wellesley (29 April 1802–1 September 1804)
*Major-General The Hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley, KB (1 September 1804–8 April 1807)
*Major-General The Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley, KB (8 April 1807–25 April 1808)
*Lieutenant-General The Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley, KB (25 April 1808–4 September 1809)
*Lieutenant-General The Rt Hon. The Viscount Wellington, KB, PC (4 September 1809–May 1811)
*General The Rt Hon. The Viscount Wellington, KB, PC (May 1811–28 February 1812)
*General The Rt Hon. The Earl of Wellington, KB, PC (28 February 1812–3 October 1812)
*General The Most Hon. The Marquess of Wellington, KB, PC (3 October 1812–4 March 1813)
*General The Most Hon. The Marquess of Wellington, KG, KB, PC (4 March 1813–21 June 1813)
*Field Marshal The Most Hon. The Marquess of Wellington, KG, KB, PC (21 June 1813–11 May 1814)
*Field Marshal His Grace The Duke of Wellington, KG, KB, PC (11 May 1814–2 January 1815)
*Field Marshal His Grace The Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, PC (2 January 1815–14 September 1852)
*Field Marshal His Grace The Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC (1816–14 September 1852)
*Field Marshal His Grace The Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (1847–14 September 1852)

;In the Netherlands
*His Highness The Prince of Waterloo (18 July 1815–14 September 1852)

Military Promotions & Dates of Rank

Commissioned an Ensign on 7 March 1787
*Lieutenant-25 December 1787
*Captain-30 June 1791
*Major-30 April 1793
*Lieutenant-Colonel-30 September 1793
*Colonel-3 May 1796
*Major-General-29 April 1802
*Lieutenant-General-25 April 1808
*General-May 1811
*Field-Marshal-21 June 1813

References


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