Pyay ( _my. ျပည္;also known as Prome) is a town in the
Bago Divisionin Burma. It has an estimated population of 123,800 (2001). Pyay is positioned on the Ayeyarwady River(Irrawaddy River) and is 260km (162 mi) northwest of Yangon(Rangoon). [Pyay. (2005). In The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia including Atlas. Retrieved March 13, 2008, from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/6458618]
Irrawaddy Flotilla Companyestablished the current town in the late 1800s on the Ayeyarwady River(Irrawaddy River) as a transshipment point for cargo between Upper Myanmar and Lower Myanmar.
The district of Pyay encompasses the valley of the Ayeyarwady, located between
ThayetmyoDistrict and Henzadaand TharrawaddyDistricts. Along the western side of Pyay District are the Rakhine (Arakan) Yomas, a mountain range and along the eastern side are the Bago (Pegu) Yomas. Pyay District's main towns are Pyay, Shwedaung, and Paungde.
Pyay City has the 2 Universities and 1 College. The two universities are Pyay University (PU)and Pyay Technical University (PTU). The college is called Government Computer University (GCU). Pyay University is situated near the town center of Pyay. PTU is situated near to Hnawgone village and Latkhoukpin village , it is a few miles away from Pyay. GCU is also quite a far distance from downtown.
The name "Pyi" means "capital" in Burmese, and refers to the ruins of the
Pyucapital of Sri Ksetra( _my. သရေခတၲရာ, lit. "City of Splendour" in Sanskrit), which is located 8 km to the southeast of modern Pyay and is in the village of Hmawa.
Geography and climate
The north and northeast of the district is forest-covered, and contains numerous valleys and ravines, which unite in one large stream called the Naweng River. The most important of the plains lie in the south and southwest portions of Pyay, and extend along the whole length of the railway that runs between. There are, in addition large tracts of land covered by jungle, which are available for cultivation. The principal river is the Irrawaddy, which intersects the district from north to south; next in importance are the Thani and its tributaries and the Naweng system of rivers. In the hills near the capital the soil is of Tertiary formation, and in the plains it is an alluvial deposit.
The climate is much drier than other districts in Lower Burma, the annual rainfall being about 48 in. The temperature ranges from about 100 in June to 60 in January.
Sri Ksetra was built around 638 AD and was the capital of the Pyu dynasty of Vikrama. The city was circular with walls enclosing an around of 46 square kilometres. The city fell to Pagan (Bagan) in 1057, and the Pyu retreated northward. The Burmese came continued to call the old Pyu center Pyi. The extensive ruins have been the subject of intensive archaeological investigation.
Pyay was once the centre of a kingdom that fell after the conquest of Pegu by King
Alaungpayain 1758, founder of the Konbaung dynasty. Called Prome by the British, the city became part of British territory after the Second Anglo-Burman War in 1853. The town was taken by the British in 1825 and again in 1852, on both occasions with hardly any opposition. In 1862, it was almost entirely destroyed by fire, and was afterwards relaid out in straight and broad streets. It was erected into a municipality in 1874, and since then great improvements have been made, including waterworks.
To the south and south-east the town is closed in by low pagoda-topped hills, on one of which stands the conspicuous gilded Shwesandaw Pagoda. The
Shwesandaw Pagoda, or Shwesandaw Paya(Sunset Pagoda), is a Buddhist pagoda in the center of Pyay, Myanmar. It is the terminus for a railway from Yangon, which runs through the district. The Shwesandaw Pagoda was built by King Anawrahta in 1057 A.D. [ [http://www.ancientbagan.com/shwesandaw-pagoda.htm Bagan : Shwesandaw Pagoda, Myanmar(Burma) ] ]
The staple crop is
rice, but some cotton and tobacco are grown, while the custard apples are famous. Sericulture is extensively carried on by a special class. The forests yield teakand cutch, cotton and silk-weaving are important industries; there are also manufactures of ornamental boxes, coarse brown sugarand cutch.
* [http://www.world66.com/asia/southeastasia/myanmar/pyay Pyay Travel Guide]
* [http://www.zilliontech.com/knowledge/pyay.html Image Gallery of Pyay]
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