- Raymond Calvel
Raymond Calvel (before 1930 – 2005) was a
breadexpert and professor of baking at ENSMICin Paris, France. Calvel has been credited with creating a revival of French-style breadmaking as well as developing an extensive body of research on improving breadmaking technique, including studies of the differences between European and American wheat flourand the development of the "autolyse", a hydration rest early in the mixing and kneading process designed to relax glutenin the dough and simplify the kneading process, thereby rendering the dough more extensible and easier to shape.
Julia Childand Simone Beck's teacher for the bread chapter of Mastering the Art of French Cookingvolume 2, as well as an advisor to the Bread Baker's Guild of Americaduring its founding and early competitive efforts in the early 1990s. Calvel also wrote the book "Le goût du pain" (translated into English in 2001 as "The Taste of Bread") as a summation of his work.
*Calvel, Raymond, and Ronald Wirtz (trans.). "The Taste of Bread". Springer, 2001, ISBN 0834216469.
*Child, Julia. "From Julia Child's Kitchen". New York: Knopf, 1975.
*Child, Julia and Simone Beck. "Mastering the Art of French Cooking", vol. 2. New York: Knopf, 1970.
*Reinhart, Peter. "Crust and Crumb". Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 1998, ISBN 1580088023.
*Wing, Daniel and Alan Scott. "The Bread Builders".
White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing, 1999, ISBN 1890132055.
* [http://www.practicallyedible.com/edible.nsf/encyclopaedia!openframeset&frame=Right&Src=/edible.nsf/pages/raymondcalvel!opendocument&BaseTarget=Right Short biography at practicallyedible.com]
* [http://ensmic.scola.ac-paris.fr/ ENSMIC]
* [http://www.bbga.org Bread Baker's Guild of America]
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